Here are some magical animals from Aelian, Pliny and Pseudo Aristotle. I'm trying to track down animals that use magic, rather than animals (or parts) that are used for magic (like the 'hippomane') or animals that people perform magic on (like snake charmers, etc.). The question I'm interested in is whether anyone in antiquity thought we learned any of the magic arts by observing animals, as they thought we learned many of the more mundane ones. Hyena is the closest thing to an animal magician I've found so far.
"The salamander is not an animal born from fire, like the animals called 'fire-born'. Still, it is bold and fond of staying close to the flame, and it is eager to defeat it as if it were an adversary."
Ἡ σαλαμάνδρα τὸ ζῷον οὐκ ἔστι μὲν τῶν πυρὸς ἐκγόνων, ὥσπερ οὖν οἱ καλούμενοι πυρίγονοι, θαρρεῖ δὲ αὐτὸ καὶ χωρεῖ τῇ φλογὶ ὁμόσε, καὶ ὡς ἀντίπαλόν τινα σπεύδει καταγωνίσασθαι.
Aelian, On the Nature of Animals, 2.31
"They say that in Arabia there is a kind of hyena which, when it first catches sight of some wild animal, or when it steps on a person's shadow, renders it speechless and fixed in such a way that it cannot move its body. It also does this to dogs."
Ἐν δὲ τῇ Ἀραβίᾳ ὑαινῶν τι γένος φασὶν εἶναι, ὃ ἐπειδὰν προΐδῃ τι θηρίον ἢ ἀνθρώπου ἐπιβῇ ἐπὶ τὴν σκιάν, ἀφωνίαν ἐργάζεται καὶ πῆξιν τοιαύτην ὥστε μὴ δύνασθαι κινεῖν τὸ σῶμα. τοῦτο δὲ ποιεῖν καὶ ἐπὶ τῶν κυνῶν.
Pseudo-Aristotle, On Marvellous Things Heard, chapter 145
"If a dog makes contact with the hyena's shadow, it will go silent. And by some magic art, any animal it encircles three times becomes fixed at that spot."
praeterea umbrae eius [sc. hyaenae] contactu canes obmutescere, et quibusdam magicis artibus omne animal, quod ter lustraverit, in vestigio haerere.
Pliny, Natural History, 8.44
"When the moon is full, the hyena will keep the light behind it, and cast its shadow onto dogs. Instantly, they are silenced. Having bewitched them like sorceresses do, it then carries off the silent dogs and makes use of them in whatever way it wants."
ὅταν ᾖ πλήρης ὁ τῆς σελήνης κύκλος, κατόπιν λαμβάνει [sc. ἡ ὕαινα] τὴν αὐγήν, καὶ τὴν αὑτῆς σκιὰν ἐπιβάλλει τοῖς κυσί, καὶ παραχρῆμα αὐτοὺς κατεσίγασε, καὶ καταγοητεύσασα ὡς αἱ φαρμακίδες εἶτα ἀπάγει σιωπῶντας, καὶ κέχρηται ὅ τι καὶ βούλεται τὸ ἐντεῦθεν αὐτοῖς.
Aelian, On the Nature of Animals, 6.14
"Dogs, cows, pigs, goats, snakes and other animals are perceptive of future famine. And they are first to be aware when a plague or earthquake is approaching. They can forsee times of healthy weather and fertile crops. And even though they do not have reason, which is able both to save and to destroy, they do not make mistakes in the matters just mentioned."
Λιμοῦ μέλλοντος ἐπιδημεῖν αἰσθητικῶς ἔχουσι κύνες καὶ βόες καὶ ὗς καὶ αἶγες καὶ ὄφεις καὶ ζῷα ἄλλα, καὶ λοιμοῦ δὲ ἀφιξομένου συνίησι πρώτστα καὶ σεισμοῦ. προγινώσκει δὲ καὶ ὑγίειαν ἀέρων καὶ εὐφορίαν καρπῶν. καὶ λόγου μὲν οὐ μετείληχε τοῦ καὶ σώζειν καὶ ἀποκτείνειν δυναμένου, τῶν γε μὴν προειρημένων οὐ διαμαρτάνει.
Aelian, On the Nature of Animals, 6.16
"By name, it is 'Hunter', by nature, a bird, a member of the Thrush family, black in colour, musical in voice. It has been called hunter and for good reason. For it catches the other birds with its song, the small ones that fly to it when enchanted by its music."
Ἀγρεὺς τὸ ὄνομα, τὴν φύσιν πτηνός, τὸ γένος κοσσύφων φράτωρ, μέλας τὴν χρόαν, μουσικὸς τὴν γλῶτταν. κέκληται δὲ ἀγρεύς, καὶ δικαίως· τῷ γάρ τοι μέλει τῶν ἄλλων ὀρνέων αἱρεῖ τὰ ἁπαλὰ προσπετόμενα τῇ τῆς εὐμουσίας θέλξει.
Aelian, On the Nature of Animals, 8.24
"I hear that in India, the elephant and the dragon are each other's worst enemies."
Ἐν Ἰνδοῖς, ὡς ἀκούω, ἐλέφας καὶ δράκων ἐστὶν ἔχθιστα.
Aelian, On the Nature of Animals, 6.21